Some in the industry claim that blockchain developers compete for users and resources for their own decentralized applications. Web3 applications will be developed on custom blockchains.
The result may be a subpar user experience, undermining the case for widespread adoption. Accordingly, Josh Neuroth of Ankr believes it will be challenging to persuade conventional enterprises that they require the technology until current blockchains, both Layers 1 and 2, can resolve minor concerns like excessive gas prices or slow network performance.
Web3 applications will be developed on custom blockchains
History has demonstrated that whenever attempts are made to increase a blockchain’s transaction throughput, security sacrifices may need to be made. Alternatively, developers might think about employing sidechains or application-specific blockchains to solve this issue, often known as the blockchain trilemma (Appchains).
Custom blockchains have the potential to enable a wide range of Web3 applications that can transform various industries. Here are some examples and use cases for custom blockchains:
- Decentralized Finance (DeFi): Custom blockchains can be used to power DeFi applications, such as decentralized exchanges (DEXs), lending platforms, and yield farming protocols. These applications can provide users with secure, transparent, and permissionless access to financial services, without the need for intermediaries like banks.
- Supply Chain Management: Custom blockchains can be used to create transparent and tamper-proof supply chain management systems. This can help track and verify the authenticity, origin, and movement of goods throughout the supply chain, reducing the risk of fraud, counterfeiting, and other types of supply chain disruptions.
- Gaming and NFTs: Custom blockchains can be used to create decentralized gaming platforms and non-fungible token (NFT) marketplaces. These applications can provide gamers and creators with ownership and control over their digital assets, as well as new ways to monetize their content.
- Identity and Access Management: Custom blockchains can be used to create a decentralized identity and access management systems. These applications can help users manage their digital identities and control access to their personal information, without relying on centralized authorities.
- Governance and Voting: Custom blockchains can be used to power decentralized governance and voting systems. These applications can provide users with a more democratic and transparent way to make decisions and participate in community governance.
- Energy and Carbon Markets: Custom blockchains can be used to create transparent and secure energy and carbon markets. These applications can help track and verify the production and consumption of renewable energy, as well as the reduction of carbon emissions.
Overall, custom blockchains have the potential to create a more decentralized, transparent, and democratic internet. These are just a few examples of the many ways that custom blockchains can be used to power Web3 applications that can transform various industries.
According to Josh Neuroth, head of product at the decentralized Web3 infrastructure platform Ankr, the broad adoption of Appchains might provide the impetus necessary to get billions of additional Web3 users up and running. The usage of Appchains as tools to assist developers in overcoming scalability difficulties by collaborating with other scaling solutions like Layer 2 was also recommended by Neuroth.
Josh Neuroth (JN): App-specific blockchains (aka subnets, sidechains, or Appchains) are chains dedicated to serving only one decentralized application. They are subnets of ecosystems like the BNB Chain, Polygon, or Avalanche that support an added network of these “child chains.” Appchains give developers the best of security, scalability, and customizability without needing to build an entirely new layer-1 chain from scratch.
BCN: What distinguishes them from Layer 1 and Layer 2 chains?
JN: When building on an existing L1 or L2 blockchain, developers compete for traffic and resources with thousands of other projects. This can lead to a poor user experience with slow networks, high gas fees, and a lack of customization. Alternatively, Appchains dedicate all resources and infrastructure to support one app — leading to a much-improved UX.
BCN: Why do proponents of custom blockchains believe these will play a key role in the mass adoption of Web3?
JN: Millions of excited new Web3 users are disappointed by high gas fees, slow transactions, hacks, and complexity. With a new solution to these scalability issues, devs can focus on providing streamlined Dapps that make every web user want to get involved — so Web3 can finally onboard billions of new users. In short, custom Appchains will start to provide all the benefits of Web3 with a better user experience than even established Web2 applications.
BCN: How do your Appchains help dapp developers build custom blockchains uniquely suited to their application?
JN: Ankr Appchains is an end-to-end engineering service that lets projects pick and choose their specs for a new blockchain (built on ecosystems like BAS) while the Ankr team gets to work building it. Ankr Appchains are highly customizable for tailored programming languages, consensus mechanisms, development frameworks, and security features to suit any industry or use case.
BCN: How useful are they for transaction-intensive use cases like defi and gamefi?
JN: Appchains are best suited to the types of use cases that have extremely high requirements for bandwidth and scalability. Building a game directly on Ethereum would mean a fairly slow and expensive experience for your players in terms of gas fees. With a game built on an Appchain, you can provide an always-low (or even zero) gas fee experience with blazing-fast transactions that don’t distract from gameplay. The same principle applies to every new Defi protocol or DEX.
BCN: Are custom blockchains the answer to the so-called blockchain trilemma?
JN: App-specific blockchains do address and provide a solution for each aspect of the blockchain scalability trilemma. They improve decentralization by creating an ‘internet of blockchains’ with new validators and nodes for diverse infrastructure. They improve security by enabling any customization or enhancement to security frameworks that developers can dream up.
And finally, Appchains are extremely good at improving scalability by ensuring Dapps can support nearly any number of users or transactions. Appchains aren’t the end-all-be-all to the complexities of the trilemma, but they are an added tool that helps us overcome scalability challenges by working together with other scaling solutions like Layer 2 that are already doing a great job to improve Web3’s performance.